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What is causing my tooth pain?

What is causing my tooth pain?

What is Causing My Tooth Pain? Common Causes and Remedies

Experiencing tooth pain can be a distressing and uncomfortable situation. It can interfere with daily activities like eating, drinking, and even speaking. Understanding the potential causes of tooth pain is crucial to address the issue promptly and seek appropriate remedies. In this article, we’ll explore some common reasons behind tooth pain and ways to alleviate the discomfort.

1. Dental Cavities (Tooth Decay)

Tooth decay is one of the leading causes of tooth pain. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it produces acids that erode the enamel, leading to the formation of cavities. As the cavities progress, they expose the sensitive inner layers of the tooth, leading to pain and sensitivity. If left untreated, dental cavities can extend into the root, causing even more intense pain.


– Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to catch cavities early.
– Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
– Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between teeth.
– Limit sugary and acidic foods and drinks to reduce acid attacks on your teeth.

2. Gum Disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)

Gum disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. In the early stage, known as gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen, and tender. If not addressed, it can progress to periodontitis, where the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that can become infected. Gum disease can cause tooth pain, especially when the infection reaches the tooth roots.

What is causing my tooth pain?
What is causing my tooth pain?


– Practice good oral hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing.
– Visit your dentist for professional cleanings and gum evaluations.
– Quit smoking, as it can worsen gum disease.
– Follow a balanced diet to promote gum health and overall well-being.

3. Dental Abscess

A dental abscess is a pocket of pus that forms due to a bacterial infection in the tooth or gums. It can be extremely painful and may cause throbbing pain, sensitivity to temperature, and swelling in the face or lymph nodes. Dental abscesses require immediate attention, as the infection can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.


– Contact your dentist promptly if you suspect a dental abscess.
– Antibiotics may be prescribed to control the infection.
– A root canal procedure or tooth extraction may be necessary to remove the abscess.

4. Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

Teeth grinding, or bruxism, is a habit that involves clenching and grinding the teeth, often unconsciously, especially during sleep. Over time, bruxism can wear down the enamel, cause tooth fractures, and lead to tooth pain and sensitivity.


– Wear a mouthguard at night to protect your teeth from grinding.
– Identify and manage stress triggers that may contribute to bruxism.
– Your dentist may recommend orthodontic treatment to correct misaligned teeth.

5. Dental Trauma

Accidents or injuries to the mouth can cause dental trauma, such as a chipped, cracked, or displaced tooth. Dental trauma can result in immediate or delayed tooth pain, depending on the severity of the injury. In some cases, the tooth may become infected, leading to additional discomfort.

causing my tooth pain


– Seek immediate dental care if you experience dental trauma.
– Preserve any broken tooth fragments and bring them to your dentist.
– Root canal treatment or tooth splinting may be necessary to save the injured tooth.

6. Dental Procedures

After certain dental procedures like fillings, root canals, or extractions, it is common to experience some tooth sensitivity or discomfort. This usually subsides within a few days to a week, but if the pain persists or worsens, it’s essential to contact your dentist for a follow-up evaluation. For a dentist clinic in croydon see here.


– Take any prescribed pain medications as directed by your dentist.
– Avoid consuming hot, cold, or hard foods that may exacerbate sensitivity.
– If the pain persists beyond a reasonable time frame, consult your dentist.

7. Sinus Infections

Surprisingly, sinus infections can cause tooth pain, particularly in the upper back teeth. The maxillary sinuses are located just above the roots of these teeth, and when infected, they can cause referred pain to the teeth.


– Treat the sinus infection with appropriate medications as prescribed by your doctor.
– Maintain good sinus health by staying hydrated and avoiding irritants.


Tooth pain can be caused by various factors, ranging from common issues like dental cavities and gum disease to more severe conditions such as dental abscesses and dental trauma. Maintaining good oral hygiene, visiting your dentist regularly, and addressing dental issues promptly can help prevent and alleviate tooth pain. Remember, if you experience persistent or severe tooth pain, it’s crucial to consult your dentist for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

By being proactive about your oral health and seeking professional care when needed, you can keep your smile bright and pain-free for years to come.

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